Audi 80/Avant (B4)

Since 1991-1995 of release

Repair and car operation



Audi 80/Avant
+ The description
- Engines
   Basic elements
   Greasing system
   Ventilation картера
   Visual check of the engine
   Обкатка the new engine
   Engine service life
   Nominal and maximum frequency of rotation
   Restriction of frequency of rotation
   Measurement of pressure of compression
   The list of malfunctions
   Проворачивание the engine
   Hydraulic pushers
   Works on gear belt ГРМ
   The list of malfunctions
   Removal and installation of a head of the block of cylinders
   Removal and engine installation
+ System of release of the fulfilled gases
+ Cooling system
+ Fuel tank and the fuel pump
+ The air filter and воздухозаборные channels
+ Injection system
+ Coupling
+ Transmission and transmission
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Brake system
+ Antiblocking system of brakes
+ Wheels and tyres
+ Kuzovnaja electrosystem
+ Ignition system
+ Illumination
+ Signalling devices
+ Devices and auxiliary devices
+ Heating and ventilation
+ Body elements
+ Search of malfunctions
+ Specifications



Removal and installation of a head of the block of cylinders

 

Bolts of a head of the block of cylinders should be tightened in the sequence specified in the figures. Engines are represented (from left to right) 4, 5, and 6-cylinder. Arrows specify a movement direction.

For performance of this work it is necessarily necessary динамометрический a key. Further it be required to you long face multigear key Т 55 (for 4 and 5-cylinder engines) or external звездчатый key Е 14 (the 6-cylinder engine) and for installation of a head of the block of cylinders – a new lining.

Removal at 4 and 5-cylinder engines

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. To remove a negative cable of the storage battery.
  2. The engine with system of injection Mono-Motronic: to remove the air filter.
  3. To merge and collect cooling liquid.
  4. To weaken hoses of system of cooling on a head of the block of cylinders.
  5. To uncover the ignition distributor together with high voltage wires (the 5-cylinder engine) (the ignition System see the head).
  6. To unhook a cable of a drive of "gas".
  7. The 5-cylinder engine: to remove the pump of the amplifier of a wheel and to put in a motor compartment, hoses remain connected. A tube not to bend.
  8. All electric wires near a head of the block of cylinders and the block of injection or an inlet collector to note and extend.
  9. To separate tubes of giving of fuel of system of injection on connecting муфтам.
  10. To note and remove vacuum hoses on an inlet collector or on the case of throttle knot, and also vacuum hoses from the amplifier of brakes.
  11. At work with the 5-cylinder engine to remove the top part of a final gas pipeline (section System of injection KE-III-Jetronic). Also to remove впрыскные atomizers, having left hoses топливопровода a high pressure connected.
  12. To pack впрыскные atomizers in pure, бензостойкие plastic packages.
  13. To remove tips of wires from the starting fuel valve and to put aside with the connected gasoline pipe line.
  14. To note and remove tips of system of injection. Helps at installation: tips have different colour.
  15. The 5-cylinder engine: to remove the proof-reader of structure of a gas mixture together with the case of the air filter.
  16. To disconnect an exhaust pipe from a final collector.
  17. To turn off the top fastening of the generator at the 4-cylinder engine. Before it to weaken клиновой a belt.
  18. To remove a protective casing of a gear belt, to weaken a gear belt and to remove from a camshaft gear wheel.
  19. To uncover heads of the block of cylinders.
  20. To weaken bolts of a head of the block of cylinders in return sequence, than it is shown in drawings on the right above. Before it the engine should cool down, because the warm head of the block of cylinders can be deformed after removal.
  21. To remove a head of the block of cylinders together with inlet and final collectors, and also the ignition distributor (the 5-cylinder engine). If he does not act in film without effort, to help itself(himself) easy blows by a plastic hammer.
    The description of works concerns the left head of the block of cylinders. Removal of the right head of the block of cylinders occurs in the same way.

Removal at the 6-cylinder engine

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. To remove protection of the engine and a casing клинового a belt.
  2. To remove клиновой a belt (see has undressed the Generator).
  3. To remove a gear belt (the description of works above in this chapter).
  4. To disconnect an exhaust pipe from a final collector.
  5. To merge cooling liquid through a carving stopper of a drain aperture of the engine and a radiator below on the right.
  6. To disconnect an air line from a final collector.
  7. To separate the tip of the gauge of the Hall.
  8. To disconnect hoses of system of ventilation картера on a head of the block of cylinders at the left and on a head of the block of cylinders on the right.
  9. To disconnect a sleeve of an air inlet from the air filter.
  10. To disconnect from the case of throttle knot at the left a vacuum tube of the conditioner and-or differential blocking.
  11. To press an air line downwards and to take out together with hoses of system of ventilation картера.
  12. To disconnect protective fastening тросового "a gas" drive, to hang out and release a cable of a drive of "gas".
  13. To separate plug connection of the temperature gauge of let in air and the valve of stabilisation of frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine in an idling mode.
  14. To separate fuel drain and bulk hydrolines.
  15. To disconnect connection on the case ("weight") behind the case of throttle knot.
  16. To disconnect the vacuum pipeline conducting to the block of management in front of the case of throttle knot.
  17. To disconnect plug connection on the case of throttle knot.
  18. To turn off the vacuum pipeline to the valve of a tank with the activated coal on the right on the case of throttle knot.
  19. To disconnect tips of wires to all spark plugs.
  20. To disconnect all electric tips on впрыскных atomizers.
  21. To disconnect tips of the gauge of a detonation and ljambda-probe heating.
  22. To separate tips of a ljambda-probe and to release wires.
  23. To disconnect plug connection to the switch with a hydrowire and to the gauge of temperature of oil (behind on the left head of the block of cylinders).
  24. To remove the tip of an electronic thermoswitch in a water pipe of a radiator.
  25. To disconnect the vacuum pipeline (dark blue colour) to the return valve in the pipeline to the amplifier of brakes.
  26. To remove tips on впрыскных atomizers at the left and on the right.
  27. To turn off holders of a branch pipe on a final collector. Not to separate a branch pipe.
  28. To turn off and take out a final collector.
  29. To close apertures a pure fabric.
  30. To turn off a tube of system of cooling behind on a head of the block of cylinders.
  31. To remove an intaking tube oxide carbon.
  32. To remove a ljambda-probe.
  33. To disconnect a sheet thermal protection of a final collector.
  34. To uncover heads of the block of cylinders.
  35. To remove a back part of a protective casing of a gear belt.
  36. To disconnect branch pipes from a tank with a cooling liquid to the pump on a head of the block of cylinders.
  37. To weaken bolts of a head of the block of cylinders in return sequence, than it is shown in drawings on the right above. Before it the engine should cool down, because the warm head of the block of cylinders after removal can be deformed.
  38. To remove a head of the block of cylinders together with inlet and final collectors, and also the ignition distributor (the 5-cylinder engine). If he does not act in film without effort, to help easy blows by a plastic hammer.

Check of the removed head of the block of cylinders

All types of engines

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. To remove an old lining of a head of the block of cylinders. Consolidation surfaces on a head of the block of cylinders and the block of cylinders should be absolutely pure, without any rests of a sealing lining. It is impossible to scratch the firm tool on a soft sealing surface of a head of the block of cylinders. Grooves can become the reason of following damage of a lining of a head of the block of cylinders.
  2. To check up a head of the block of cylinders on deformation (it is especially important at damage of a sealing lining of a head of the block of cylinders because of an overheat).
  3. To put a long metal ruler or гарантированно a direct metal corner lengthways on the cleared sealing surface of a head of the block of cylinders.
  4. To check up measuring probeом, whether there is on any place a deflection больший, than 0,1 mm. In the latter case the head of the block of cylinders will need to be ground before installation.
  5. With a head of the block of cylinders it is possible to work only in the limited limits. The minimum height – measured from top to bottom to sealing surfaces – 132,6 mm at the 4-cylinder engine and 132,75 mm at 5 and 6-cylinder engines should be observed.

Installation

All types of engines

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. If you establish a new head of the block of cylinders it is necessary to oil slightly directing hydraulic pushers. To oil and establish a camshaft as it is described earlier.
  2. If necessary to establish a carving cover on the replaced head of the block of cylinders of the 6-cylinder engine.
  3. The carving on bolts of a head of the block of cylinders and in corresponding apertures on the block of cylinders should be pure and without damages, the inhaling moment otherwise will not coincide at a tightening of bolts.
  4. In apertures for bolts of the block of cylinders there should not be an oil or waters, differently pig-iron in the field of a carving can be broken off.
  5. To turn a cranked shaft it is a little back against a rotation direction that any piston did not stand in position ВМТ, differently the open valve at putting on of a head of the block of cylinders can face such piston.
  6. To put a sealing lining of a head of the block of cylinders thus on the block of cylinders that number «oben» ("upwards") showed spare parts or a designation to a head of the block of cylinders.
  7. To put on a head of the block of cylinders. For this purpose in a workshop at work with 4 and 5-cylinder engines two directing bolts are applied. Without auxiliary means the lining and a head of the block of cylinders constantly move.
  8. You can make this tool of two old bolts of a head of the block of cylinders: to saw off a head of a bolt and to saw through above шлиц (for twisting by a screw-driver).
  9. After installation of several bolts of a head of the block of cylinders it is possible to remove directing bolts.
  10. To screw all bolts of a head of the block of cylinders and to tighten in specified above sequence the moment:

     The engine
    4, 5-cylinder
    6-cylinder
    The first degree of an inhaling 40 Н•м No)
    The second degree of an inhaling 60 Н•м 60 Н•м
    The third degree of an inhaling To turn bolts a rigid key on half of turn, without removing a key (in the same sequence). Also it is possible to turn two times on a turn quarter

  11. Thereby bolts are definitively tightened, and they do not need to be tightened once again at all.
  12. Pay attention at assemblage to regulation тросового of a drive of "gas" and installation впрысковых atomizers at the 5-cylinder engine (the head about injection).
  13. Important: to pay attention to sequence of an inhaling at installation of a final collector at the 6-cylinder engine.
  14. Besides, to check at 4 and 5-cylinder engines ignition installation (the head ignition System).